After Azerbaijan started a military operation in the region on Tuesday, the Kremlin issued a call for calm and suggested that Baku and Yerevan hold peace talks to end the dispute.
Azerbaijan asserted that Nagorno-Karabakh, which is predominantly ruled by ethnic Armenians with Yerevan’s support, needed to be liberated from Armenian military control and returned to constitutional order. Russia’s official ally Armenia denied having troops there.
“We are concerned about the sharp escalation of tension and the beginning of hostilities,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.
“The first thing for us, against the background of the military operation carried out by the Azerbaijani Armed Forces, is to ensure the safety of the civilian population of Karabakh.”
Peskov claimed that Moscow was pushing for discussions and that the Russian military had spoken to Baku and Azerbaijan.
“Our military is working to return the settlement process to the political and diplomatic path,” Peskov said, adding that the basis for talks was the ceasefire agreement brokered by Russia that ended a 2020 war in which Azerbaijan made significant gains.
“We urge everyone to follow the provisions of these documents, naturally, taking into account those new realities, meaning the fact that the Armenian side recognized the territory of Azerbaijan as at 1991.”
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